Romans 1:1

Evidence of the internal division within Romans is the occurrences of key words within certain contexts. For example, the word 'sin' is used 41 times in the "inner circle" [5:12-8:39 ,
and only 6 times in the outer circle [1:1-5:11; 9:1-16:24] .

Occurrences in Outer/Inner Romans Sections
  Outer Inner  
Sin 6 41  
Wrath 12 0  
Justify 10 3  
Justification 3 0  
Righteousness 29 10  
Righteous 3 1  
pistis, pisteuo 61 1  
pneuma 14 23  


"servant" Gr. doulos slave, bonded, sold out committed.

Romans 1:3 "made of the seed of David" There are three seeds associated with
Jesus Christ: "of David" "of the woman" "of Abraham".

Romans 1:4 "Son of God with power" Only here.

Romans 1:5 "faith" See Eph. 1:15.

Romans 1:8 “I thank God”
Occurs seven times:
here - “my God through Jesus Christ” “ that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world“
7:25 - “God through Jesus Christ our Lord.“ conclusion of chapter 7
1 Cor 1:4 - “my God always on your behalf” “grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ”
1 Cor 1:14 - “God” “I baptized none of you”
1 Cor 14:18 - “my God” “I speak with tongues more than ye all”
Philip. 1:3 - “my God” “upon every remembrance of you”
Philemon - “my God” “making mention of thee always in my prayers”

“Thank” appears in the opening of all of Paul’s signed epistles, except Galatians and Titus.

Romans 1:11 "spiritual gift" Occurs only here.

“spiritual” Gr. pneumatikos First of 21 occurrences. Note the “spiritual” things:
Rom 1:11 gift
Rom 7:14 the law
1Cor 10:3,4 meat, drink, the Rock
1Cor 15:44 body
Eph 1:3 blessings
Eph 5:19 songs (and Col 3:16)
Eph 6:12 wickedness
Col 1:9 understanding
1Pet 2:5 house, sacrifices

Romans 1:13 "I would not have you ignorant" Fig. tapeinosis Six other occ. of
this phrase: Rom 11:25; 1Cor 10:1, 12:1; 2Co 1:8; 2:11; 1Th 4:13. Compare occ.
of "I would have you know" 1Cor 11:3.

Romans 1:17 "righteousness of God" 8 occ. Here, Rom 3:5,21,22; 10:3; 2Co 5:21
Jam 1:20 2Pt 1:1. First of five occurrences in Romans.

Romans 1:18  "who hold the truth in unrighteousness" Gr. katecho  aletheia adikia  Note the occurrence of these words in 2 Thess. 2:6-10. Those same who "hold down" truth in unrighteousness in Romans will gladly forsake the truth for unrighteousness, looking for the one who is "held down" until his day comes, who will preach "the lie."  

Romans 1:20   "creation" Gr. ktisis  "made" Gr. poiema These words together only here and Eph 2:10.

"clearly seen" Gr. kathoroo  Only here.  Romans 1:23 "glory" and “God” and “image” occur together only here and 1Cor 11:7.
“uncorruptible” Gr. aphthartos First of seven occurrences: Here, 1Cor 9:25, 15:52, 1Tim 1:17 1Pet 1:4,1:23,3:4.
“uncorruptible” and “corruptible” Gr. aphthartos phthartos These words found together here, contrasting “God” and “man”, 1Cor 9:25 “crowns”, and “seed”, 1Pet 1:23.

In the context of resurrection, aphthartos and the noun phthora appear in 1Cor 15:42 15:50 15:53 15:54.

Romans 1:26 "against nature" The impetus comes from a supernatural source.

“natural use” Gr. phusiken chresin Only here and verse 27.

Romans 3:9 "before" because charges were drawn from Scripture.

Romans 3:25 Sacrifices were based on the type or pattern on the promise of the
coming Messiah. Fig. metalepsis "blood" for the accomplishments of Christ's
redemptive sacrifice.
"remission" Gr. paresis Only here. The passing over of sin by delaying punishment, not
Gr. aphesis which is total forgiveness by grace.

Romans 4:3  "counted unto him for righteousness"  Gr. logizomai eis dikaiosune Here first of eight such expressions: 4:5  4:6  4:9  4:11 (4:6,11 without eis) 4:22 Gal 3:6  James 2:23, with "logizomai" also translated as "imputed" or "reckoned." No expression in the NT for imputing grace. 

eis dikaiosune  Also in 6:16, 10:4,10.  

Romans 4:11   Abraham received the sign of righteousness after he was righteous.