Ephesians 1:3 "all"=every "heavenly places"=in the heavenlies.
"in heavenly places" Gr. en tois epouranious Occ. only here, 1:20, 2:6, 3:10, 6:12 in NT.

“spiritual blessings” Only here.


Ephesians 1:4 “chosen us” Gr. eklego Aram. gab With “predestinated us” in vicinity with verse 5, only here and 1:11.
God created man for Himself, so that He could have companionship, so that He
could have children with whom to communicate.
"foundation" Gr. katabole a throwing down or overthrow.
The secret, the "mystery", the theme of Ephesians, involves a choice "before the foundation of the world". In the Gospels, only Christ is mentioned "before the foundation of the world" in John 17:5,24.
"holy and without blame" Gr. hagia kai amomos This phrase also in 5:27 and Col 1:22, in Col. with "unreproveable."


Ephesians 1:5
Fig. hypallage "good pleasure of His will" The phrase "will of" has
42 occurrances as follows:
Deu 33:16 Ezr 7:18 Mat 7:21 Mat 12:50
Mat 18:14 Mar 3:35 Jhn 4:34 Jhn 5:30
Jhn 6:38 Jhn 6:40 Act 13:36 Act 21:14
Rom 1:10 Rom 8:27 Rom 12:2 Rom 15:32
1Cor 1:1 2Cor 1:1 8:5 Gal 1:4
Eph 1:1 5:17 6:6 Col 1:1
Col 4:12 1Th 4:3 5:18 2Tim 1:1
Heb 10:36 1Pet 2:15 3:17 4:2 4:19 1Jn 2:17
Psa 27:12 Psa 41:2 Eze 16:27
Father in parable
Mat 21:31
Will of the flesh
Jhn 1:13
Will of man
Jhn 1:13 2Pt 1:21
Will of the Gentiles
1Pet 4:3
“will” Gr. thelema “pleasure” eudokia These words in the same verse only here and 1:9. Compare Psa 149:4.

Ephesians 1:6 "praise of the glory of His grace" Only occ. Aram. “the glory of his grace should be glorified” Fig. polyptoton.

"made ... accepted" Only here and Luke 1:28, which see.


Ephesians 1:7 Fig. metalepsis “Blood” refers to Jesus Christ giving his life, where blood is put for "blood-shedding," indicating the death of Jesus Christ. Then it goes beyond his death, indicating the merits made available because of his death: our spiritual blessings.

Ephesians 1:10 "fulness of times" Only occurrence.

Ephesians 1:15 "faith in the Lord Jesus”, “love unto all the saints" Compare Rom 1:5 “obedience to the faith” and 1 Thess 1:3 “work of faith”, “labour of love”.

Ephesians 1:17 "spirit of wisdom and revelation" Genitive of origin. The spirit is the source of revelation which gives wisdom.

Ephesians 1:18 "riches of the glory of his inheritance". Dual genitive.

"eyes of your understanding"= Gr. ophthalmous tes kardias “eyes of your heart” Only here. These two Greek words appear together in Ezr 9:8 and Psa 13:3 19:8, neither in the perfect tense as here. The corresponding Hebrew words also appear in 1Sa 14:27,29 Prov 29:13. Compare Deut. 29:4 “not a heart to perceive, eyes to see” ; Prov. 15:30 “light of the eyes rejoiceth the heart”.

"hope of his calling" Only here and 4:4, "hope of your calling".

Ephesians 1:19 "mighty power" Lit. "power of his might" Gr. kratous tes ischuos autou Only here and 6:10.

Ephesians 1:20 “from the dead” Gr. ek ton nekron First of five occurrences: 5:14; Col 1:18 2:12; 1Thess 1:10.
See Phil 3:11.

Ephesians 1:22 The growth of the body comes from the head, Christ
Jesus, who is in heaven, and from no man on earth. As the head of the natural body runs the natural body, so the spiritual head guides the whole body which is the church.

Ephesians 2:1 All people are born in this world, "...dead in trespasses and sins."

Ephesians 2:3 "children of wrath" Our natural reaction to the affronts offered in Satan's world.

Ephesians 2:4 "rich in mercy" Only here in NT.

Ephesians 2:5 Fig. epitrechon "(by grace ye are saved)" "saved" and "grace" occur in close
context only here, 2:8, Gen. 47:25, Acts 15:11, 2 Tim 1:9. The perfect passive participle "saved" occurs only here and 2:8 in the Epistles.

Ephesians 2:6 "made to sit"=seated

Ephesians 2:10 "workmanship, created" Aramaic, "creation, created"
Fig. polyptoton Only other occ. of this figure is in Num 16:30, Mark 13:19.

Ephesians 2:12 "covenants of promise" Only here.

Ephesians 2:13 "blood" The blood of Christ, Fig. metalepsis for the accomplishments
of his death, made us "nigh." Communion is the symbol of the reality. Ratramnus, in the 9th century was the last one to describe the eucharist as a symbol. His books were condemned in 1050.

Ephesians 2:15 "make"=create.
"having abolished in his flesh." Jesus Christ totally destroyed the inability of man to know God personally.
"enmity" relates to the natural man, who are basically Gentiles; "law of commandments contained in ordinances" was given to Israel.

“new man” Gr. kainon anthropon First occurrence of two, 4:24. “man” implied in Col 3:10, with adjective “new”, Gr. neos.


Ephesians 2:16 In this Church of the Body, the work of reconciling men and women
to God is not the work of Christ, but the work of the believers who have been
given the word and the ministry of reconciliation.
"reconcile"=bring back together that which has been separated.